The Great Gold Upgrade, Report 15 July 2018

In part I the Great Reset, we said that a reset is a terrible thing. The closest example is the fall of Rome in 476AD, in which more than 90% of the population of the city fled or died. No one should wish for this to happen, but we are unfortunate to live under a failing monetary system. Debt is growing exponentially. A way must be found to transition to the use of gold. We covered a few ways that won’t work. The Fed can’t determine the right gold price, or indeed control the price either. Nor would it work to declare the dollar to be gold backed. A high gold price won’t make gold circulate. Nothing less than redeemability will do. But you cannot retroactively declare the irredeemable dollar to be gold-redeemable. Every dollar in the system was borrowed into existence without the expectation of redemption. Changing this rule would create the greatest orgy of lobbying Washington has ever seen.

Interest Draws Gold into Circulation

Interest is the only force that can pull gold out of private hoards and into circulation. We have said many times, that interest is the regulator of flow in the gold standard. A lower rate will tend to push gold out of the market and into hoards. A higher rate will tend to draw it into the market.

Now let’s drill down into that. What’s the mechanism of circulation? We will incorporate into our discussion a point we touched last week—that buyers want a lower price and sellers want a higher price—and clarify what we mean by price in this context. It takes a market to find the right price.

We will also add another idea into the mix. That the dollar is not held up by faith or ignorance. It is not a wisp of cloud, waiting for one fact to come along and get everyone woke and dispel the illusion, and collapse the dollar.

To grow any business larger than a one-man workshop, the entrepreneur must raise money. In larger firms, this typically means obtaining financing from outside investors. The business spends this money on building its plant, hiring people, and buying raw materials. When the business succeeds, it sells its products and earns revenues. When it generates a profit, it can pay interest or dividends to its investors.

Think about this. The business borrows (just to keep it simple, our example is debt financing) money from investors, and spends the money. This is one step in circulation. Obviously, investors will not choose to lend money at 0% interest (not addressing how irredeemable paper currency disenfranchises them).

So if interest is zero, then gold is blocked from circulating. Even if gold were already circulating, savers are constantly saving, that is pulling gold coins out of circulation. If they are not lending those coins, then they are hoarding them. All the gold would be out of circulation soon enough, and the gold standard would dry up.

Resorption and Regrowth

An interesting illustration is bone in the human body. You may think of the ulna (the outer bone in your forearm) as having a fixed mass. It doesn’t seem to change, after you reach adulthood. However, two processes are occurring constantly. One is bone resorption, the removal of material. This is balanced by the other force, new bone growth.

In a working gold standard, the savers are performing the gold equivalent of resorption. Interest is performing the gold equivalent of new growth. Savers are pulling coins out of circulation to prepare for retirement. Interest is persuading them to remove it from the mattress and bring it to a bank.

Anyways back to our example, assuming a business can obtain the financing it needs, it spends it on construction, tool vendors, wages, and suppliers. Each of those companies services their debts, pays their employees, buys their raw materials, etc. And all the employees buy necessities and luxuries.

Gold flows from investors to borrowers to suppliers and employees to other suppliers and ultimately back to investors. Investors are an integral part of the economy, as any real economy is built on top of accumulated capital. Even food, let alone computer chips, does not come from pure labor. Modern production is very capital-intensive. That means very efficient and very productive.

In the gold standard, of course capital is denominated in gold and payable in gold. But that’s not what we have today. So the 64 trillion dollar question is how do we transition?

What Gives the Dollar Value?

This is a good segue into the question of what gives the dollar value today. When someone begins to realize that the dollar is unsound, that the debt is growing out of control, and that the dollar is a promise that cannot be kept, he often makes an error. “Nothing is holding it up,” he marvels. “It must be the madness of crowds, a shared delusion, nothing more than faith!” He worries, “It’s going to collapse soon.” Some writers seem to make a living off this, coming up with an endless series of factoids, fake news, conjecture, and wild conspiracy theories (remember that prediction of collapse scheduled for July 1? The the same promotional page is still online at the same URL, but it’s been revised. Doomsday has been postponed to Dec 31, 2018).

Yet the dollar keeps on keeping on.

If the dollar had value due to nothing more than illusion, then it should have been dispelled by now. Whatever holds it up, is not fragile but quite robust. We have argued before: it’s the struggles of the debtors. Every farmer who owes a million bucks is frantically planting as much wheat as he can, to harvest as many bushels as he can. He has to sell an awful lot of them, at $5.15 to service his loan. Every burger joint is frantically grilling as many burgers as he can. Every manufacture of cars is frantically producing as many as he can.

If one measures the value of the dollar by how much one can purchase with it, then the debtors are working very hard to increase the value of the dollar!

The more the interest rate falls, the more farmers borrow to produce more, and the harder it becomes to make the profit margin to service the debt much less repay it in full. We say that the net present value of all debt rises, as interest falls.

And it’s not just farmers, as we noted. It’s burger joints, carmakers, and manufacturers of pencils. Nearly every producer of everything owes dollars. They couldn’t accept gold in payment for goods even if they wanted to, as that would introduce a price risk. They sell their goods for dollars—thus pushing up the purchasing power of the dollar—because they owe dollars. Dollars circulate, all capital assets are financed in dollars, all wages are paid in dollars, and all goods are bought with dollars. It looks like an unbreakable cycle.

How Much Gold Needed for Gold Standard?

Meanwhile, all the gold ever mined in human history sits on shelves deep in vaults, gathering dust. How much gold does it take to run the gold standard? There is no equation to generate a precise answer (we know that, in the 1890’s at the peak of when Britain ran the world’s commerce and monetary system, there was about 150 tons of gold in London).

We propose that the amount of gold needed is inversely proportional to the interest rate. At a rate of zero, this quantity is undefined, infinite. And that’s what we see today. No matter how much gold comes out of the mines, it disappears just as fast into hoards.

Yet with revenues in dollars, no one can offer interest on gold (except us). It’s a serious catch-22.

Benefits of Borrowing in Gold

Actually, there is one group who has an income in gold, and therefore can pay interest in gold. Keith has argued that it’s in their financial interest to do so, because it removes gold price risk.

Unfortunately, even gold producing enterprises (and gold taxing governments) are borrowing in dollars today. This creates a price risk—if the price of gold drops, then it becomes harder for them to service their debts. So they must hedge, which adds moving parts, cost, complexity, and other risks. Even if nothing changes in the economy, these companies and governments should replace their dollar bonds with gold bonds.

Keith has been proposing for many years that the debtor can use the gold bond to get out of debt at a discount (and a sovereign government debtor can use the gold bond to avert Armageddon). When it sells the new gold bond, the debtor should use the opportunity to retire its existing dollar bonds. It’s not trying to go deeper into debt, but replace dollar with gold debt. So, at auction, it tells the buyers to tender outstanding dollar bonds, not dollars (and not gold).

At first, we expect the market to price the paper bond at par. That is, in a hypothetical 1000oz bond, buyers should bid $1.25M worth of outstanding paper bonds (at a $1,250 gold price). However, with each successive auction, the market exchange rate of paper bonds to gold bonds will rise above par. This is because the bond repays the principal over many years. The dollar is undergoing constant debasement by a central bank whose explicit goal is stated at two percent per annum (and which can overshoot, of course).

You Can’t Discount the Dollar in Dollars!

Therefore, the present value of a dollar to be paid in a decade should be discounted. This cannot be expressed in dollar terms. The only discount in dollar terms, is for the interest rate. There is no way to express a discount for devaluation of a future dollar in present dollars. However, it can be expressed in gold: the dollar bond to gold bond exchange rate. This is a separate phenomenon from interest. And a separate phenomenon from the price of gold.

Needless to say, getting out of debt at a reduced price is another good reason to issue gold bonds!

But back to our point, this is a market mechanism to set a price for the transition to gold. It’s not the price of gold (though that will likely rise through this period) but the dollar-bond price of the gold-bond. The market continuously updates this price.

Without too much hyperbole, we could call this a market for the vehicle to convey us the gold standard.

After gold producers, the next logical issuer of gold bonds is the producer of commodities. First, copper production will be financed in gold, then oil, and then wheat. The mechanism is a bit more complicated than that for gold mining companies, so we will not delve into it here.

We don’t define the gold standard in terms of gold being used to buy and sell goods (as we don’t define money as the medium of exchange). A working definition is when anyone who wants to, can earn interest on their gold. However in the gold standard, people do exchange gold for goods and services. A big step towards this is taken when commodity producers finance production in gold. They will want gold revenue to service their gold debts. This will lead to commodities markets where goods are exchanged for gold.

Stable Bond Price During Transition

There is one final virtue to this transition path. Look at the conventional dollar bond. Some analysts, even in the mainstream, predict a collapse in bond prices. Collapse is not a good thing. We need a graceful changeover, where banks, insurers, pensions, and annuities remain solvent in nominal terms.

The market price mechanism, for redeeming paper bonds to get gold bonds, will ensure a very robust bid for paper bonds. As the paper bonds are the currency to buy gold bonds, they will be sought out by investors who eagerly snap them up, to exchange them for more gold bonds.

Isn’t this precisely the behavior that we should want? Not a mad rush for the gold exit door, with people trampled to death, and a wake of bankruptcies left behind. Not a sudden “moment of wokeness”, when everyone comes to the same realization at the same time—that paper bonds and the dollar itself are worthless—and a stampede of selling everything, that Mises called the “crack up boom”.

We should want an orderly market, quoting firm bid and offer prices for paper even as the transition proceeds. We should not want to find out what it looks like when gold backwardation becomes permanent, and a crisis of confidence.

We should all want the opposite of collapse. Not a reset, but an upgrade.

Supply and Demand Fundamentals

The price of gold fell $13, and that of silver $0.23.

Perspective: if you’re waiting for the right moment to buy, the market now offers you a better than it did last week. If you wanted to sell, this wasn’t a good week to wait. Which is your intention, and why?

Obviously, this week the sellers were more aggressive, and the buyers more leisurely. Even the so-called digital gold, bitcoin, fell about 6% this week. It seems those struggling debtors are not only selling the wheat and burgers they produce. They are selling financial assets they hold.

Soy dropped 20% in June and the first half of July. Wheat fell only 8% since late May, but has been in an epic falling trend since 2012, having lost 45%. And that wheat price in 2012 was about a third down from the peak of 2008. Soy, by the way, is down over 50% from its peak in 2012. Oil, as much as it’s come up in the last two years, is down 34% from its 2014 peak.

We have to bite our tongues every time someone says “inflation”, with or without breathlessness. Wheat is down from $13 a bushel to under $5 since 2008 (with rising money supply). People insist on inflation, “the government is lying to us about the consumer price index.” We don’t know that CPI is a lie, but we do know that the price of wheat is real.

If the spread between retail bread and commodity wheat has widened, blame taxes and regulations. The effects of monetary policy will be seen most clearly in commodity markets. And least clearly seen where the impact of government is greater. State, county, and city governments all get their pound of flesh. They have permitting, licensing, zoning, labor law, restricted loading hours (with mandatory time and a half). Retail stores lose more and more productive floor space due to regulations like Americans with Disabilities Act. Lawsuits drive up insurance costs. And rising “user fees” charged by desperate municipalities, for permission to be in business. California makes gasoline more expensive by mandating changes to the blend. And now, tariffs will spike some prices. The price of soy have dropped due to tariffs.

Contra Milton Friedman, who said “inflation is everywhere and always a monetary phenomenon”, often prices rise due to nonmonetary factors.

Of course, if the price of a double latte doubles due to a double dose of regulation and taxation, that is not a driver for the price of gold to go up. The price of gold does not track this kind of inflation.

Keith is going to be at the Sprott Natural Resources Symposium this week in Vancouver. Please contact us if you want to meet. Sprott gave us a discount code for $100 off registration: MDA2018.

So whither the price of gold next? We will provide a picture of the changing gold and silver fundamentals. But first, here is the chart of the prices of gold and silver.

Next, this is a graph of the gold price measured in silver, otherwise known as the gold to silver ratio (see here for an explanation of bid and offer prices for the ratio). It went up this week.

Here is the gold graph showing gold basis, cobasis and the price of the dollar in terms of gold price.

Once again scarcity (i.e. cobasis) rising with price of the dollar (i.e. inverse of the price of gold, measured in dollars). It’s times like this when you want a picture of the fundamentals. It is easy to think that demand for gold is going down. But is it?

Not this week. The Monetary Metals Gold Fundamental Price remains at $1,300 (well $1299).

Now let’s look at silver.

The same thing in silver, rising cobasis, with a drop in price.

The Monetary Metals Silver Fundamental Price rose 4 cents, to $17.48.

So in both metals, most people would say that we had a bad week. However, a look at the fundamentals shows it wasn’t as bad as the people with only price charts think.


© 2018 Monetary Metals

8 replies
  1. Rick says:

    The point of a Gold Standard is that we would not need a central bank and we do not want anyone interfering with the monetary system, thus the Gold Standard.
    When more `money’ is needed in the system, gold will rise in price and when there is too much money in the system, gold will decline in price. It is important to remember that there will always be enough gold for a Gold Standard because what matters is the price of gold and it is VERY important that the government does not set or control the price of gold!
    The dumbest thing this world has ever done was to set the price of gold at $35 per ounce! This is what lead to August 15th 1971! The price of gold must float freely for a Gold Standard to work.
    In a Gold Standard, when gold rises in price, less gold is needed to keep the system working and when gold declines in price, more gold is need in the system to buy goods and so the price of gold with automatically rise, barring interference.
    At $10,000 per ounce, it would take 5 ounces of gold to buy a $50,000 car, but if the price of gold declines to $8,000, it would now take 6.25 ounces of gold. Likewise, if gold rises to $15,000 per ounce, that $50,000 car would only cost 3 1/3 ounces.
    In actuality, goods will most likely be priced in terms of gold and silver, where a TV might be priced at 2 ounces of silver.
    When we refer to a Gold Standard, generally, we are talking about a bi-metal system where small purchases are done with silver and more expensive items would be priced in gold. The natural ratio is 10 to 1 and the historic ratio has been 15 to 1, so at $10,000 p/o gold, silver would be priced at $1,000 per ounce or at 15 to 1, at $667.
    The last thing we need or should want is Gold backed Currency because that will lead to the very same problem we have now. With or without a Central Bank those in charge of the currency will print more currency than there is Gold! We also do not want a currency backed 40% by Gold, it must be a true Gold Standard where people conduct business in Gold and Silver not in paper!

    • Jim says:

      Despite the many insightful essays that Keith has generously written here (and elsewhere) over the years, you apparently just don’t “get it”.

      • says:

        Whether you like it or not there will be a `Global Reset’. This is humanity’s last chance to free ourselves from the enslavement of fiat currency! Humanity has been enslaved by the Rothschild’s Central Bank Empire and through the Deep State the United States Military has become the private army of the Rothschild Empire.
        Prior to September 11th, 2001 there were only seven countries without a Rothschild Central Bank: Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, Sudan, North Korea, Cuba and Iran.
        After September 11th, 2001 the U.S. invaded Afghanistan; Afghanistan now has a Rothschild Central Bank. Then the U.S. invaded Iraq, and now Iraq has a Rothschild Central Bank. We didn’t actually invade Libya, but we did murder Gaddafi. Under Gaddafi, the Libyan people had free education, free electricity, free medical care and an Islamic Bank which did not charge interest. Libya now has a Rothschild Central Bank!
        I do not have a lot of information on Sudan, but here is an excerpt from Dean Henderson, 10/11/2012: “On July 9, 2011 South Sudan became the world’s 193rd nation. Less than a week later violence has erupted in South Kordofan, an area on the new border between Sudan and South Sudan which is controlled by Sudan and rich in oil. Not content with the seizure of South Sudan’s oilfields, the Rothschild-led Eight Families banking cartel looks set to push the new border further north, grabbing yet more crude oil from the Sudanese people.” The Rothschild’s South Sudan Oil Grab
        One country left off the original list of 7 countries (making it 8) is Syria. The reason we are in Syria are spelled out by the Syrian Girl:
        “1 Syria’s Central Bank is state-owned and state-controlled so as to serve the national economy and the Syrian people, instead of enriching the international banksters of the Western nations and Israel, who force upon almost all nations of the world usurious loans generating artificial debt crises by which these nations are in effect enslaved. Central Banks are Rothschild Banks
        2 Syria has no international Monetary Fund debt. The IMF acts as the debt collection police of the international banksters. Any wise nation stays out of the IMF’s clutches, which is what Syria has succeeded in doing, but the banksters are not happy at all with such wisdom.
        3 Syria has banned genetically modified seeds, GMO, or “Franken-food”, because Bashar Assad wants to protect his people’s health. “Franken-food” means food control which means population control. Obviously the NWO favors “Franken-food” (the USA imposed it on conquered Iraq.)
        4 Syria’s population is well-informed about the NWO, whose domination of the world’s puppet politicians by its think-tanks and secret societies is openly discussed in Syria’s media and universities. Such openness is anathema to the NWO, which must cover its operations in darkness.
        5 Syria has massive oil and gas reserves, and it is working to exploit them independently of the giant Western oil companies like Shell and Texaco. The NWO loves oil, but not oil independence.
        6 Syria clearly and unequivocally opposes Zionism and Israel. In recent years even the base Western media have reacted to Israel’s virtual turning of Palestine into a mega-Goulag. Syria denounces Israel’s brutal apartheid. Obviously the Jewish lobbies all round the world will unite to use all their influence to put an end to such firm opposition to their fellow-Jews in Israel.
        7 Syria is one of the last secular Muslim States in the Middle East, and refuses to recognize any superiority of that people which still claims to be the Chosen People of God (even 2,000 years after the Incarnate God, Jesus Christ, ceased to choose his People by race and began to choose it instead by faith — Romans III, IV, etc.). The same lobbies will chastise any refusal of their religious as of their racial superiority.
        8 Syria proudly maintains and protects its political and cultural national identity, whereas the NWO seeks to melt down all nations (except one) into a single conglomerate mass of sheeple for total control.”Eight Reasons why New World Order Hates Syria – Resists Rothschild Central Bank and Rothschild Israel By raysongtree November 19, 2015
        The last countries without a Rothschild Central Bank are North Korea, Cuba and Iran. This is why North Korea was such a big deal for Trump, as Trump is working to remove the Federal Reserve and its owners, the Rothschild Empire. This is why President Trump met with President Putin; Putin kicked the Rothschild cartel out of Russia in 2016 and Trump plans to do the same thing here in the U.S.!
        “Brave Vladimir Putin has banned Jacob Rothschild and his New World Order banking cartel family from entering Russian territory “under any circumstances.””
        We will have to wait to see what will happen in Iran and Cuba, but I pray to God that President Trump is successful in removing the Federal Reserve and the Rothschild empire from the U.S. and returning us to a True Gold Standard Economy while destroying the Central Bank enslavement of Humanity! VIVA La Revolution! Viva La Reset!!
        How the Rothschilds Became the Secret Rulers of the World

  2. rhux says:

    Hi Keith,

    I’ve been a more recent follower of your work and this is the first time I am posting a comment. I like to think I am up-to-date on your school of thought as I have read your dissertation and most of your archived essays/articles but I have a question about the “Dollar Bond to Gold Bond Transition Period.”

    Let’s say that we are executives at a large corporation and we are evaluating the opportunity for our company to issue Gold bonds. Let’s assume that large corporations in other industries have successfully issued Gold bonds and perhaps a major competitor in our industry has publicly announced that they will be issuing Gold bonds shortly. How do we react to this new environment?

    Do we:
    1) feel pressured/incentivised by shareholders/investors to issue our own Gold bonds and retire our dollar denominated debt as soon as possible.

    2) think that this is a good idea in principle but decide to be a late adopter of Gold bond financing because we can retire more dollar denominated debt for a lower quantity of Gold in the future (as the market exchange rate of paper bonds to gold bonds rises above par).

    3) decide to issue Gold bonds when we next need to refinance the company’s operations.

    Thanks for your insights,

    • Keith Weiner says:

      Hi Ryan,

      Thanks for your question. Without knowing a lot more, and in a public forum, I could not speak to the three scenarios. If you have a specific company in mind, please contact me offline, and I am happy to help.

      All I can do in a general, public discussion is show that there is a significant benefit to the issuer. And of course place that in context of the overall monetary problem we face today and the transition path to the use of gold.

      Which is important. I have seen nothing previously on why anyone would want to issue gold bonds. If anything, the gold community would argue the issuer shouldn’t because “gold is going up”. I see little material on why the gold bond is a benefit to the *buyer*!.

      It’s spooky how little is being said about this topic, given our circumstances.

  3. fazsha says:

    I always remember what Peter Schiff once said. We WILL get deflation – priced in gold. When prices come down, that draws out demand. So I never worry about temporary inflation, as the debt collapse will take care of that.

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